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Schermata 2021-03-18 alle 10.45.01

Great Green Wall: how to save Africa from desertification

The Great Green Wall is a long corridor of forests, 15 kilometers wide and about 8,000 kilometers long, that connects Africa from West to East: it is one of the solutions put in place by the African continent to combat the desertification

Great Green Wall of Africa: what is it?

The Great Green Wall of the Sahara and the Sahel Initiative (in French: Grande Muraille Verte pour le Sahara et le Sahel; in English: The Great Green Wall of the Sahara and the Sahel Initiative, GGWSSI in acronym) is an African initiative set up to combat the effects of global climate change and desertification. Led by the African Union, the initiative aims to improve the quality of life of millions of people through the planting of different tree species which, by forming a true green belt between North Africa, the Sahel and the Horn of Africa, will be able to stop desertification, create a native habitat for fauna and offer shelter, food and water resources for rural communities.

It was the biologist Richard St. Barbe Baker, in 1952, during an expedition in the Sahara, the first to propose a “green barrier” to oppose the advance of the desert: his idea to contain the desert was to create a long belt of trees 50 km wide. It was approved by the Conference of Heads of State and Government of the Community of Sahel and Sahara States during their seventh regular session held in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso in June 2005.

During our last mission in Burkina Faso, we visited the Ouaga Park: together with Manitese and Acra, two Italian NGOs, we are collaborating on a reforestation project, a real food forest of about 1 hectare that is part of the Ouaga Green Belt, a sort of large green ring that is being created in Ouagadogou, the capital of Burkina.