Holm oak - WOWnature

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Holm oak

  • Determined people
  • Wisest people

A unique specimen of evergreen oak, the evergreen oak is typical of Mediterranean areas and also grows wild along the Veneto region coast. Its acorns are extra sweet so they are often used to make flour and cake bread. Because of its longevity, it is perfect for those who like long-term investments!

Scientific name: Quercus ilex
Common name: Evergreen oak

Part of the Fagaceae family. An evergreen tree up to 20 meters tall, it has a very dense canopy with a dark, almost blackish color. The trunk is upright and sturdy; the bark also tends to black. The leaves are lanceolate and elliptical, dark green, glossy on the upper page and whitish on the lower. The male inflorescences are yellow pendulous catkins, while the female inflorescences are very small and are found at the axils of the leaves. The fruits are 2-3cm long acorns. The evergreen oak is found throughout most of the Mediterranean basin, with a preference for warmer areas.

In ancient civilizations, such as the Greek and Latin, the evergreen oak had a sacred value. Because of its resistance to pollution and pruning, it is also often used as an ornamental plant in driveways and gardens. Its very tough and heavy wood, yet difficult to season and process, is still valued today as fuel for firewood and charcoal.

Its acorns are sweeter than those of oaks. For this reason, they are an excellent source of food for many wild animals, such as deer, fallow deer, wild boar, as well as pigs. Especially in the past, these fruits were used for the production of a flour excellent for making bread and cakes.

( from 28,00  )

What makes it unique

2.70 Kg

of CO2 captured over a year

20 meters

reachable height

1000 years

maximum life expectancy

Forests where you can grow your own Holm oak, adopting or giving it away.

Bosco Cinque Querce
Siena (SI)
Bosco dei Sette Cieli
Altofonte (PA)
Bosco San Lio
Carlentini (SR)
Lio Piccolo, laguna di Venezia
Cavallino Treporti (VE)
Biodiversity crescent
UAB Barcelona
Barcellona (B)
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